Archaeological Park of Pompeii – drone videos, timetables, tickets, useful adviceArcheological area
Are you going to visit the great archaeological park of Pompeii and discover all its secrets?
Let yourself be carried away by the charm of the archaeological excavations of Pompeii, Vesuvius, archaeology and the history of Roman art.
Pompeii is an extraordinary archaeological park that restores to the eyes of the public the splendor of the ancient Roman city, allowing us to discover more details about daily life in ancient Rome. Archaeology but not only, also great scientific importance for the presence of Vesuvius and to understand more about its eruptions.
The excavations of Pompeii – History (short)
The history of the excavations of Pompeii began in the mid-eighteenth century when Charles III of Bourbon began an excavation campaign after the great noise that the excavations of Herculaneum had. It was Rocque Joacquìn de Alcubierre who received the right authorizations to continue with the excavations, in search of the legendary city of Stabiae. It was a disaster and the scarce finds caused the project to founder.
It was the discovery of an epigraph (an inscription on stone) with Res Pubblica Pompeianorum written on it that gave new hope to the archaeologists of the time. It was in the second half of the eighteenth century with Francesco la Vega, with funding approved by Maria Carolina of Austria (wife of Ferdinand IV) that the following were found: the great theatre, the odeon, the temple of Isis, the triangular forum and the necropolis. In a few years also the ancient city walls were discovered and Pompeii became an obligatory stop on the Grand Tour.
At the end of the nineteenth century with Giuseppe Fiorelli, an illustrious archaeologist, new investigations and studies on the city of Pompeii were begun. It was in those years that the technique of “casts” was developed thanks to an intuition of Professor Fiorelli. Previously, in fact, during excavation campaigns, no human remains were found but only “empty spaces” in the eruptive material. It was perceived that by filling these spaces with plaster or cement it would be possible to recover the shape of human remains and not only. Since then, traces of men, women, animals, plants and even food have been recovered, giving a more accurate picture of life in ancient Roman cities.
What to see in Pompeii – The city guarded by ashes
The Roman city of Pompeii reaches us perfectly preserved and is a precious historical document that allows us to make a real (and not science fiction) time jump.
One of the great reasons why there is still today an incredible state of preservation is certainly Vesuvius. Its eruption in fact that totally devastated the city in the discussed date of 79 A.D. has also allowed the urbanistic, artistic and human remains conservation. The ash of the volcano in fact quickly covered everything, nesting in every corner thus crystallizing those last harrowing moments of the eruption. Given the richness of the place and the vast stratification of finds found, what is important to pay attention to during a visit to Pompeii?
Although it is not possible to give an unambiguous answer to such a wide audience as visitors to Pompeii, it is possible to give some advice. It is very important to explore the streets freely and personally, but be careful to recognize the architectural, structural and social differences of the different buildings.
The architectural variety present in Pompeii in fact is really unique, just think of the differences between the various domus, the typical private house of Ancient Rome, for the higher social classes, the insulae, similar to modern condominiums, where most of the population lived for rent, or even the so-called pergule, small houses belonging to merchants or artisans who faced directly on the street, where it was possible both to live and do business.
Case apart are the so-called Ville d’otium, which usually belonged to landowners and were intended for rest or recreation. In the specific case of Pompeii they were not particularly widespread compared to other towns such as Oplontis, Stabiae or other territories on the slopes of Vesuvius.
There is, however, the presence of the large Suburban Villa known as Villa dei Misteri, rich in spectacular fresco paintings that make it extremely attractive from the historical and artistic point of view.
Continue the visit by immersing yourself in the public life of the city, visiting spas, markets, recreational and religious buildings. The Forum of Pompeii was the center of social life at the time where demonstrations, political debates and trade exchanges took place. The large square was completely pedestrian, and raised above street level, thus banning access to carts and horses. A large market or Mac